American Academy of Ophthalmology
The American Academy of Ophthalmology is the world’s largest association of eye physicians and surgeons – Eye M.D.s. All of our ophthalmologists are board-certified by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
AAPOS is an excellent resource for patient education about pediatric and adult strabismus disorders. The organization’s goals are to advance the quality of children’s eye care, support the training of pediatric ophthalmologists, support research activities in pediatric ophthalmology, and advance the care of adults with strabismus. Our ophthalmologists and orthoptists are proud to be members of AAPOS.

American Academy of Pediatrics
The mission of the American Academy of Pediatrics is to attain optimal physical, mental, and social health and well-being for all infants, children, adolescents and young adults.

American Orthoptic Council
The American Orthoptic Council (AOC) was founded in 1935 with the main purpose of establishing standards for orthoptists in the United States. Besides examining and certifying individual orthoptists, the AOC also is responsible for setting and monitoring standards for the education of orthoptists, and grants accreditation to orthoptic programs in the United States. It encourages and helps to provide continuing education for recertification, and establishes guidelines for the professional and ethical conduct of certified orthoptists.

Children’s Eye Foundation
The Children’s Eye Foundation (CEF) is the foundation of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS). Each year more than four million babies are born in the United States. Of these children, approximately one in twenty requires the specialized medical expertise of a pediatric ophthalmologist (Eye M.D.) to avoid permanent loss of vision. Children’s Eye Foundation’s mission is to eliminate preventable blindness through vision screening, advocacy and celebration.

Eye Smart
The EyeSmart® public awareness campaign, sponsored by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, is your trusted source for accurate, timely and relevant eye health information. EyeSmart empowers Americans to take charge of their eye health. We urge everyone to know their risk factors for eye diseases, infections and injuries, and to understand how ophthalmologists can help prevent, diagnose and treat eye conditions.

While our preference for patches is usually adhesive (see Ortopad), we do find cloth acceptable in some situations. Eye-Lids eye patches are designed for glasses with or without a nose piece, as well as for Miraflex frames. Each patch style is available in all the available fabric designs. Eye-Lids is a caring company and had even donated patches for our unprivileged patients.

Healthy Children
In 2009 the AAP launched a parent-oriented Web site,, which offers up-to-date health advice for parents and caregivers. The AAP works extensively with the media and carries out public information campaigns to ensure that timely, accurate messages and information reach families and professionals.

Leader Dogs for the Blind
Leader Dogs for Blind’s vision is that every person who is blind or visually impaired travels safely and independently. They have several programs for older teens including their Teen Summer Camp which is held on their Rochester Hills campus each summer.

Ocular Immunology and Uveitis Foundation
The Ocular Immunology and Uveitis Foundation is a 501c(3), not-for-profit, tax-exempt organization. Their mission is to find cures for ocular inflammatory diseases, to correct the worldwide deficit of properly trained ocular immunologists, and to provide education and emotional support for those patients afflicted with ocular inflammatory disease.

Ortopad USA
The type of patch we recommend for the best results are adhesive skin patches. We recommend Orthopad because they are hypoallergenic, latex-free, a soft material, available in a variety of colors & patterns and specific patterns for boys or girls. They can be purchased online, in some retail stores and in our offices.

National Eye Institute
As part of the federal government’s National Institutes of Health (NIH), the National Eye Institute’s mission is to conduct and support research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs with respect to blinding eye diseases, visual disorders, mechanisms of visual function, preservation of sight, and the special health problems and requirements of the blind.

Penrickton Center for Blind Children
Penrickton Center (located in Taylor, MI) is a private, non-profit five day residential and day care agency serving blind, multi-disabled children, ages 1-12.  There are no fees charged to families. Developmental programs are designed to meet the individual needs of each child.

Eye Muscle Problems in Children and Adults: A Guide to Understanding
One of Dr. Rao’s mentors, Dr. Burton Kushner from the University of Wisconsin, wrote an easy-to-read, patient friendly, and authoritative book to help parents and patients understand all they need to know about eye muscle problems and amblyopia (lazy eye) that can occur in children and adults.